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Dec 01, 2019

What Is the Lord's Supper?

Preacher: Andrew Repsold

Series: Theology

Category: Theology

Keywords: worship, communion, lord's supper, presence, memorial, transubstantiation, consubstantiation, body and blood


This topical message looks at the various views of the Lord's Supper, some of the Scriptures related to that and the implications of what that might involve for us as believers and a church.


What is The Lord’s Supper?


Three views of Communion:

  1. Symbolic/Memorial: The bread and wine are symbolic of the body and blood of Jesus but are in no way Jesus (spiritually or carnally).
  2. Consubstantiation: Christ is spiritually present in the bread and wine but not carnally.
  3. Transubstantiation: The bread and wine become the actual body and blood of Jesus after being consecrated. 

How is communion described?

1.  Luke 22:7-20     Communion is symbolic remembrance.

Question: What should we remember? 

Answer: The fulfillment of the Passover.    (Described in Exodus 12. See Jesus in the Passover lamb.) Jesus pointed to the Passover in His institution of the Lord's Supper.  We celebrate Christ as the fulfillment of the Passover.

Implications for practicing communion:  Reverence and gratitude.

2.  1 Corinthians 11:23-26--Communion is a proclamation/ declaration.  What we proclaim forms who we become.  There is value in declaration.  

Question: To whom do we proclaim?

Answer: To each other--the church.    (Expressive versus Formational worship) We must lay before God what is in us, not what we wish was in us.  We declare that we are bought with a price.  

Revelation 19:6-10: Looking forward to the marriage supper of the lamb.  Remember that we are going to be 'married' some day to our Lord.

Implications for practicing communion.

3.)  1 Corinthians 10:14-16 Communion is a mystery; a participation in the life of Jesus; a consuming of the Lamb of God.

Question: How is it possible to participate in something that has already happened?

Answer: How does God take two people and make them one in marriage?  It's a mystery!  How do we "consume God?"  It's more than just 'reading your Bible & praying.'  Communion can be a spiritual feeding that satisfies our souls.  

Implications for practicing communion:  (1 Cor. 10:17-22, 1 Cor. 11:27-32)

Overview of Communion Service

Communion Service:


Romans 3:19-20 New International Version (NIV)

19 Now we know that whatever the law says, it says to those who are under the law, so that every mouth may be silenced and the whole world held accountable to God. 20 Therefore no one will be declared righteous in God’s sight by the works of the law; rather, through the law we become conscious of our sin.

Matthew 5:23-24 English Standard Version (ESV)

23 So if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother has something against you, 24 leave your gift there before the altar and go. First be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift.

Worship Leader: Let us examine ourselves before God and hear from His Spirit.

(3 minutes of silence)


  • Before the Throne
  • Sweetly Broken


1 Corinthians 5:6-8 English Standard Version (ESV)

Your boasting is not good. Do you not know that a little leaven leavens the whole lump? Cleanse out the old leaven that you may be a new lump, as you really are unleavened. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed. Let us therefore celebrate the festival, not with the old leaven, the leaven of malice and evil, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.



Hebrews 10:19-25 English Standard Version (ESV)

19 Therefore, brothers,[a] since we have confidence to enter the holy places by the blood of Jesus, 20 by the new and living way that he opened for us through the curtain, that is, through his flesh, 21 and since we have a great priest over the house of God, 22 let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, with our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water. 23 Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for he who promised is faithful. 24 And let us consider how to stir up one another to love and good works, 25 not neglecting to meet together, as is the habit of some, but encouraging one another, and all the more as you see the Day drawing near.


  • Oh Come, Oh Come Emmanuel
  • Wedding Song (Reading is in the middle of it)

Revelation 19: 6-8

Revelation 19:6-8 New International Version (NIV)

Then I heard what sounded like a great multitude, like the roar of rushing waters and like loud peals of thunder, shouting:

    For our Lord God Almighty reigns.
Let us rejoice and be glad
    and give him glory!
For the wedding of the Lamb has come,
    and his bride has made herself ready.
Fine linen, bright and clean,
    was given her to wear.”

(Fine linen stands for the righteous acts of God’s holy people.)

SONG:  The Solid Rock

Closing Benediction: Romans 15:5-7

Romans 15:5-7 English Standard Version (ESV)

May the God of endurance and encouragement grant you to live in such harmony with one another, in accord with Christ Jesus, that together you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. Therefore welcome one another as Christ has welcomed you, for the glory of God.