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May 09, 2021

The 1st & Second Adams

Passage: Romans 5:12-21

Preacher: Andrew Repsold

Series: Jesus in the Old Testament

Keywords: adam, christ, second adam, much more


From the beginning of Genesis, Jesus has been evident in the salvation story of God in the Bible. This message looks at how the second Adam, Jesus Christ, brought to us "much more" than the first Adam. Though sin and death have reigned in human experience through the years, God gives to us "much more" through Jesus Christ, the 2nd Adam.


Adam and Christ Sermon

May 2, 2021

Introduction: “Christ Types” Series. Jesus all throughout the Bible, including the OT. The NT expressly says how several things were like Christ.

  1. John 3:14-15

Jesus says: “As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up; so that whoever believes will in Him have eternal life.”

  1. Hebrews is all about Christ as our High Priest
  2. Jesus speaking: “This is the bread which cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die.” John 6:50

14 Yet death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those whose sinning was not like the transgression of Adam, who was a type of the one who was to come. Romans 5:14

Today’s Christ type is Adam. There are two texts in the NT that explain this:

  • 1 Cor. 15
  • Romans 5

Talk Organized:

  1. We want to understand Adam. (How does the Bible present him? Why is he important?)
  2. We want to understand how Christ is like Adam and how he is NOT like Adam.
  3. The Implications of those truths to our lives today. (what did we inherit from Adam and what have we inherited from Christ)

Section 1: Understanding Adam

Genesis 1

26 Then God said, “Let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness, so that they may rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky, over the livestock and all the wild animals,[a] and over all the creatures that move along the ground.”

27 So God created mankind in his own image,
    in the image of God he created them;
    male and female he created them.

Genesis 5:

This is the book of the generations of Adam. When God created man, he made him in the likeness of God. 

Genesis 2:7

Then the Lord God formed a man[c] from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being.

Adam                                                   Christ

  1. Made in the image of God
  2. The first human being
  3. therefore referred to as the “son of God”
  4. made of dust (physical) but God

breathed life into him (spiritual)

Luke 3:38

the son of Enosh, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.

Son of God: Temptation…”if you are the son of God”  Matthew 4

What have you to do with us, Son of God (demons to Jesus, Matt. 8)

Romans 1:4

and was declared to be the Son of God in power according to the Spirit of holiness by his resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord,

1 John 3:8

Whoever makes a practice of sinning is of the devil, for the devil has been sinning from the beginning. The reason the Son of God appeared was to destroy the works of the devil.

1 Corinthians 15 (22:45)

20 But in fact Christ has been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep. 21 For as by a man came death, by a man has come also the resurrection of the dead. 22 For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive.

42 So is it with the resurrection of the dead. What is sown is perishable; what is raised is imperishable. 43 It is sown in dishonor; it is raised in glory. It is sown in weakness; it is raised in power. 44 It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body. 45 Thus it is written, “The first man Adam became a living being”;[e] the last Adam became a life-giving spirit. 46 But it is not the spiritual that is first but the natural, and then the spiritual. 47 The first man was from the earth, a man of dust; the second man is from heaven. 48 As was the man of dust, so also are those who are of the dust, and as is the man of heaven, so also are those who are of heaven. 49 Just as we have borne the image of the man of dust, we shall[f] also bear the image of the man of heaven.



Adam                                                   Christ



1.     …

2.     The first resurrected human being

(imperishable, glory, power, spiritual body…a life-giving spirit, from heaven.

3.     true “son of God” long ago promised SoG.

  • Made in the image of God
  1. The first human being
  2. therefore referred to as the “son of God”
  3. a man of dust (physical) but God

breathed life into him (spiritual)

Romans 5:12-21

12 Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men[e] because all sinned— 13 ((for sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not counted where there is no law. 14 Yet death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those whose sinning was not like the transgression of Adam, who was a type of the one who was to come.))

Adam                                                   Christ

  1. the effect on those in Adam…sin and death
  2. death more abounding GRACE
  3. brought condemnation brought justification/life
  4. death reigns much more will RIGHTEOUSNESS


15 But the free gift is not like the trespass. For if many died through one man's trespass, much more have the grace of God and the free gift by the grace of that one man Jesus Christ abounded for many. 16 And the free gift is not like the result of that one man's sin. For the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brought justification. 17 For if, because of one man's trespass, death reigned through that one man, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ.

18 Therefore, as one trespass[f] led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness[g] leads to justification and life for all men. 19 For as by the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man's obedience the many will be made righteous. 20 Now the law came in to increase the trespass, but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more, 21 so that, as sin reigned in death, grace also might reign through righteousness leading to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Grace might reign through righteousness leading to eternal life:

His divine power has given us everything we need for a godly life through our knowledge of him who called us by his own glory and goodness. Through these he has given us his very great and precious promises, so that through them you may participate in the divine nature, having escaped the corruption in the world caused by evil desires. 2 Peter 1:3-4


58 Therefore, my beloved brothers, be steadfast, immovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, knowing that in the Lord your labor is not in vain.